sexta-feira, fevereiro 24, 2006

Identidade e violência

Amartya Sen, o economista mais estimulante da actualidade, está de volta, com o ensaio Identity and violence, a editar pela Penguin em Junho (mas sobre o qual já há informação).
A nova etapa do seu percurso traz-nos um contributo profundamente actual. O «Fuga para a vitória», atento aos grandes temas, avança uma leitura genérica em 1.ª mão.
O 'antecipado' livro é uma reflexão imediata sobre um tema que tem dominado a agenda britânica, as implicações político-sociais internas da conjuntura pós-invasão do Iraque. Mas, dadas a sua riqueza e alcance, converte-se numa reflexão universal sobre a questão identitária e o poder que a tenta condicionar e moldar.
A tese de Sen é tão simples quanto dolorosa: o apoio afunilado de Blair a certas congregações religiosas não-oficiais como tentativa de diálogo com as minorias internas no pós-ocupação do Iraque está promovendo uma identidade monista. Deste modo, acaba por agravar a situação, tornando a vida das pessoas dessas minorias não só mais segregada como comprometendo a essência da própria democracia intercultural em que se pretende fundar a pós-modernidade ocidental. Esta assenta, basicamente, na defesa e promoção da liberdade e da inclusão em todas as suas dimensões, política, social, cultural e económica. Tal coloca a questão de saber se a própria relação histórica do Estado britânico com a Igreja calvinista não terá influenciado uma decisão eminentemente conservadora, comunitarista no mau sentido, donde, anti-democrática.
Na interessante entrevista que concedeu ao The Guardian a 18/2, Sen não o refere, mas está implícito que subscreveria, ao invés, o apoio oficial ao leque mais diversificado possível de associações voluntárias, não só as das minorias como das restantes, desde que estas promovessem uma política de inclusão universalista. E, também, se centraria no amparo à iniciativa privada dos indíviduos comuns, ele que é um especialista nos estudos sobre o microcrédito e nas soluções para vencer a pobreza e exclusão económicas (a propósito, cabe aqui referir a sua autobiografia nobélica).
Este seu estudo é uma espécie de prolongamento da reflexão anterior sobre os lugares de identidade plural na sua pátria indiana, contida no livro The argumentative Indian (vd. recensão aqui).
É claro que a imprensa lusa tem coisas mais importantes em que investir do que nestas questões menores da democracia, da pluralidade identitária e da desconstrução das opções oficiais aparentemente naturais.
Talvez os editores estejam mais atentos.
E lá vai a blogosfera marcando pontos. Valha-nos isso. E N.ª Sr.ª de Fátima.

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Mas poucochinhos, para não carregarem o ambiente, sei lá.

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